Glossary of Terms

The purpose of this page is to explain some of the terminology in common usage around the subject of vehicle type approval:

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Complete Vehicle

Means any vehicle which has been built in one stage by one manufacturer, for example a panel van.

Completed Vehicle

Is a vehicle that has been built and finished in more than one stage, normally by two or more different manufacturers. For example, a concrete mixer where a company has added the additional components (i.e. the mixer itself) to a cab chassis and the vehicle requires no further work before it can be considered finished.

Conformity of Production (COP) Statement

Means a document issued by a Type Approval Authority to a manufacturer after an assessment of production processes and systems to certify that they conform to the required quality specification.

Certificate of Conformity or CoC

Means a document which is issued by a manufacturer, certifying that a vehicle has been produced under the same production processes and systems as an example of the type which has achieved Type Approval.

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EC Type Approval

Means the procedure whereby an authority of an EU Member State certifies that a type of vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit satisfies relevant technical requirements and administrative provisions listed in the relative instrument.

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Incomplete Vehicle

Is a vehicle that must undergo at least one further stage of build in order to be considered a finished vehicle, ready for use. For example, a chassis cab is an incomplete vehicle since a body must be added for it to be finished.

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Multi-Stage Type Approval

The procedure whereby on or more EU member states certify that, depending on the state of completion, an incomplete or completed type of vehicle satisfies the relevant administrative provisions and technical requirements of the Directive.

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National Type Approval

Means a Type Approval procedure laid down by the national law of an EU member state, which is restricted to that particular country.

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Special-purpose Vehicle

Means a vehicle intended to perform a function which requires special body arrangements and/or equipment, such as a motor caravan, an ambulance or a wheelchair accessible vehicle (WAV).

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Means vehicles of a particular category, which do not differ in certain essential respects set out in a type approval framework.